Several European countries have now announced preliminary plans for vaccinating their populations, along with roadmaps out of the current lockdowns. In Spain, the government says it is aiming to vaccinate the bulk of the population within six months, and that it is establishing 13,000 vaccination points across the country to make that possible. In France, President Macron declared this week that the worst of the second wave was now over, and that a pre-Christmas easing of the lockdown would start this weekend. But he said that restaurants, cafés and bars must stay shut until 20 January to avoid “a third wave” and “a third lockdown”. In Switzerland, where the daily death toll from Covid is around twice the spring peak, doctors called for people vulnerable to the disease – including over-60s and people with heart disease or diabetes – to sign end-of-life “do not resuscitate” orders to ease intense pressure on intensive care units. Geneva has the highest infection rate in Europe, of 2,800 per 100,000 people. In Serbia, thousands of people gathered in Belgrade for the funeral of Patriarch Irinej (pictured earlier this year), the 90-year-old head of the Serbian Orthodox Church, who died after contracting Covid-19. Reportedly, few of the mourners inside the church were wearing masks.